A Beginner’s Guide to Starting Seeds Indoors
Getting a Head Start on the Season
Gardening can be rewarding as you watch your plants produce amazing colors and flower bloom or foods (edible plants) which will take your favorite dishes up a notch. But a challenge which many gardeners face is getting those seeds in the ground because the season or timing is not quite right to do so.
The good news is though the timing may not be just right to get those seeds in the ground you can still get a jump or head start on the season by starting seeds indoors. Seed starting indoors is not new, this method is an old approach which has given good results for more on how this is done continue reading as you prepare to reap the fruits of your labor.
Things you will need
- Seed trays or Containers
- Good garden Soil
- Proper Lighting or Grow Lights
- The right room Temperature
The first rule for success is knowing what you want, which plants do you desire to grow. Then there is choosing seeds which are healthy because what you don’t want is to choose seeds that are of poor quality because either your plants will not survive or will have a hard time establishing after germination.
Seed trays or Containers
The seed trays or containers should have drain holes to allow excess water to drain because if water doesn’t drain then you have defeated the purpose of getting a jump start, seed rot will set in which is not good.
A good Garden Soil
Good garden soil is a must if you are to have success. A soil which will hold the right amount of moisture but will allow excess water to drain is a must, to skim on a good quaily soil will be cheating your self.
Proper Lighting or Grow Lights
All garden plants need some form of light whether full, filtered or partial light garden plants cannot survive without this important element. Your seed trays or container should be placed near a window which gets sufficient sunlight or consider purchasing grow lights which will help tremendously.
The room Temperature
The room temperature plays a very important part if your seeds are to germanite. The room temperature can be anywhere from 50 degrees and above.
To help your seedling along the way the use of a water-soluble fertilizer makes a great choice, make sure to read and follow the label because the label is law but if the garden soil which you purchase has fertilizer mixed in already then there is no need for further fertilizing.
- Seedling Blight
- Dumping Off
Seedling Blight and Dumping Off is encouraged by excess moisture or environmental factors, compacted soil, cool soil temperature, saline soil, and warm temperatures. These diseases may affect the seeds before or after germination. Seedlings will also rot just above soil level.
To avoid these diseases monitor the amount of moisture your plant is receiving, plant your seeds on the proper date, use healthy seeds, using seeds which are treated with fungicides is of great benefit.
The containers or seed trays should be sterilized before planting, install your seeds at the proper depth, plants which are infected should be removed immediately to reduce the risk of the disease spreading, don’t crowd seeds because seedlings need proper air circulation. Also, the soil should be clean and sterilized.
Avoid these Mistakes to Reap a Good Harvest
- Poor Quality Soil
- Planting to Deeply
- Insufficient Light
- The wrong Temperature
- Taking your seedlings outdoors to Early
Poor quality soil
You may have chosen seeds which are of good quality but if the soil is not a good garden soil that drains well or holds the right amount of moisture will give you issues from the get-go so as mention earlier don’t skim on the soil. Good garden soil is a must.
Planting to deeply
This is another issue that can spell death to your seeds, know the planting depth of your seeds by reading the label or asking your garden nurserymen. Planting to deeply will cause seeds, not to germinate and if seeds do germinate your seedlings will not perform as well.
While we all agree that plants need water to survive to much water can also spell death for your seeds which can lead to disease and rot. The top few inches of soil should be moist, again it is a matter of reading the label on the seed package or asking your nurseryman.
The flip side of the coin is if your seeds are not getting the right amount of moisture they will not germinate again it is a matter of getting the right information from the plant package or your nurserymen to ensure that your seeds are getting the right amount of water.
As mentioned plants need the right lighting to perform at their best, keep your plants happy by giving them sufficient light.
The wrong Temperature
Because you’re growing plants indoors the temperature plays an important part know the temperature which is required for your seeds to germinate and grow their best.
Taking your seedlings outdoors to Early
I know that you are excited to get your seeds in the ground because all you want is to, watch them take off but the last thing you want is to remove your seeds from indoors and place them outdoors only to see them deteriorate
especially when winter is about to end as spring is on the rise, wait until the soil warms up before installing your seeds. Another rule of thumb is to gradually expose your seedlings to the outdoor environment.
Take your seed trays outside place them in the sun for about 3-4 hours and bring them back indoors, continue this process for about a week and a half to two weeks before taking them outdoors and planting them in their permeant location.
The final word
Getting a jump start on the season is a great way to go, starting seeds indoors is a method that has proven to be a success so go ahead and give this method a try trust me you will be glad that you did as you reap a harvest of your labor.