Basic landscape design principles
Creating your garden paradise
So you have decided to take your landscape to the next level by making it a thing of beauty, hiring a landscape contractor can be pretty costly so you have decided to DIY it or Do It Yourself but don’t know where to start don’t despair following these simple principles will give you your garden paradise.
Working on the great outdoors can give such a wonderful feeling as you connect with nature giving nature a helping hand this has been my experience over the years which have paid off in so many ways. I have worked on both residential and commercial properties transforming and bringing much beauty to these areas giving the owners a sense of pride.
Basic landscape design principles
When planning your garden project it is good to start with visualization, from here you can organize and put things into perspective such as.
Simplicity– Keep it simple, I love a landscape that is open and inviting nothing that is overbearing or too clustered. I have seen garden designs that were very colourful but what took away from it was it was just too much, overkill as they say. I know that some landscape designs can be complex that include ponds, architectural features, water features such as irrigation design, landscape lighting etc… but remember as much as possible to keep it simple.
Balance– Balance is one of the things I always talk about when it comes to gardening and landscaping design. There should be a repeat or one side should mirror the other. I know that you want to create a thing of interest and beauty without it being boring but the mistake with many beginner gardens is not bringing balance. Throwing a bunch of colours together does not create balance.
Imagine designing a walkway with garden plants where one side of the walkway has 3-4 types of garden plants that grow basically the same hight then on the other side of the walkway you have a group of different plants that grow at different hight, there’s no balance but confusion is what you will have. keep this in mind and you will do just fine.
Focalization– Having a focal point is so important in any landscape and garden design. It is a place or point in the garden or landscape that creates interest and gets the attention of those that sees this area. To create a focal point use plants that are unique and very colourful. Including garden features such as furniture, birdbaths etc.. can really bring that wow to your garden area.
Size– Does really matter. Can you imagine installing plants that grow up to 20 ft or higher in front of your window that is only 5 ft, this will not only look awkward and be an eyesore but will also be a security and safety issue because windows should always be clear so the homeowner can have a clear view from within the home. Installing plants under your windows that grows 2-3 ft makes good sense. Keep this in mind and use this principle as a rule of thumb. Now you may mix it up somewhat but taller plants should be in the corners or in the middle but never block visual areas which are so important.
Unity– When it comes to unity you want everything working together or flowing in the same direction. In other words, the entire garden or landscape should complement each other. Colours, shape, size, garden features such as furniture etc… should create that which is pleasing to the eyes.
Colours– Should always complement each other. What you want to use is 6-8 colour groups in your garden, smaller gardens can use anywhere from 4-6 groups. I know your goal is to create a garden that is beautiful, full of life and pleasing to the eyes but using too many colours can actually take away from your garden making it an unattractive.
Lines– Lines create such an amazing effect that is pleasing to the eyes. These lines are created by the forms, hardscapes, flower beds, the turf and other garden features. The goal is to create interest and continuous flow.
Proportion– keep in mind when designing your garden to always go for proportion meaning every aspect of the design should complement each other as far as size is concerned. There should be a constant flow, nothing overpowering or overbearing.
The final word
Remember to KEEP IT SIMPLE do not overthink this just let your mind go as those creative juices flow and you will be on your way to creating your garden paradise. It really is awesome to connect with nature as you give nature a helping hand transforming your surroundings making it a thing of beauty.