Botanical Insecticides, Eliminating insects with plants
Winning the war on garden insect pests has never been easier, with the many methods we have at our disposal. These methods include biological, mechanical, intergraded pest management, and of course chemical control, and Controlling insects with birds.
What we will be looking at however is how to eliminate insects by the use of plant parts. The use of botanical insecticides is not new but is a method that has been around for some time.
Botanical insecticides have its advantages and disadvantages which we will also be looking at.
The extract from plants parts is compounded and formulated to accomplish this goal. A plant that is used in this process is the chrysanthemums. This is pretty neat because it shows how beneficial plants are to us, we can use them in so many ways.
Some botanicals are low to moderate and can be used around mammals but a word of warning here is to be careful when using because skin exposure and inhalation of some of them can cause death because of the nicotine and other active ingredients in these chemicals.
The timing of treatment must be right because botanicals break down rather quickly when exposed to sunlight, air, and moisture. When this happens the chemicals become weaken or loses its strength and becomes less effective in eliminating pest insects.
A. The neem tree is responsible for the chemical compounds linalool and limonene which is used in pet shampoos and dips. It may be used to control pests such as aphids, mealybugs, whiteflies, thrips and other insect pests.
B. Sabadilla is effective in eliminating insects such as squash and the harlequin bugs.
C. Daisy is responsible for the compounds known as the pyrethrins and pyrethrum. These insecticides are effective against mosquitoes, fleas, and flies.
D. Ryania is also a chemical compound that is effective on thrips, aphids and other soft body insects they suck the sap from plants. This chemical may be applied to crops such as citrus, pears, walnuts, and apples.
Ryania is not recommended to us for home gardens because of its highly toxic level.
E. The roots of legumes plants are responsible for Rotenone. Rotenone is effective against caterpillars and the leaf-eating beetles. This chemical is very poisonous to marine life.
Instructions must be read and followed to the very letter when using these chemicals or a good word of advice is to call in the experts, those who are trained and can better assist when it comes to using these chemicals.
Some names of botanicals are
1. 5 % Rotenone Me. 5. EcoPco WP.X.
2. AzaGuard. 6. Molt-X.
3. Rishi Gold. 7. Harmonix.
4. Safaya Gold. 8. Ecovia EC
Advantages of Botanicals
1. Some botanicals are not Phytotoxic.
2. Most of them will inhibit insects feeding pattern.
3. Because of its quick breakdown, it reduces the risk of particles remaining on food.
Disadvantages of Botanicals
1. Can be very expensive
2. Break down very quickly when exposed to the sun, air, and moisture.
3. May not kill treated insects for days.
4. Some botanicals are toxic.
The final word
Botanicals are a means that can be applied to eliminate insects, this method has been used over the years and have proven to bring some success. Being caution is key here because of some of them being phytotoxic.
If you are not sure then it is best to leave it to the experts, have them come in and take a look. Botanicals another method of winning the war on insects.