Compost vs Mulch
The question has been asked can compost be used as mulch? well, to answer your question let’s take a closer look at compost vs mulching.
What is compost
What is mulch?
Mulch can either be organic or inorganic in the case of organics mulch is derived from plant material such as leaves, straws, branches, stems, etc… and is used to beautify, conserve moisture, suppress weeds, add nutrients to the soil as it decomposes, keeps the soil temperature cool acts as an insulator for plant’s roots during wintertime and may also help influence soil ph. Mulches are placed on the soil’s surface around garden plants whereas stated earlier compost is organic materials that are turned into nutrient-rich soil.
Let’s deal with the latter first
Some example of mulches
- Grass Clippings
- Wood Chip
- Pine Needle
- Shredded Bark
The use of grass clippings has so many benefits such as holding weeds down, retaining moisture, reduces thatch, and as clippings break down will add nutrients to the soil the disadvantage is that if the grass has a disease don’t use clippings it can spread disease, under extreme wet condition grass can end up clumping.
Wood Chip will help with the soil ph, retain moisture, keep the soil temperature cool, hold weeds down. The disadvantages are that as mulches age and decompose it will lose their color and beauty, wood chips tend to compact easier.
Pine needle is also used as mulch because of its ability to hold moisture, acting as an insulator, adding nutrients to the soil as it decomposes, for aesthetics, prevents soil compaction, helps to prevent soil erosion, suppress weeds. The disadvantage is that pine needle can be pretty costly, offers little nutritional value, may be hazardous to fire, under heavy rains or wet condition may hold too much moisture, have been known to encourage garden insect pests.
The use of leaves as mulch is a great way to save a few dollars because as the leaves fall from our trees they can be recycled. Leaves can retain moisture, suppress weeds, add nutrients to the soil as it decomposes aids in the adjusting of soil ph. The disadvantage of leaves is that it can be a hiding place for garden insect pests, can become soggy when wet, and if leaves are diseased and insects infested not to use around garden plants to avoid these issues of spreading.
It helps to conserve moisture, holds down weeds, may help to adjust soil’s ph, used for beautification, add nutrients as it decomposes, acts as an insulator to protect the plant’s roots. May float away doing heavy rain downpour, must be replaced after a while because it will lose its color, have been reported to pull nitrogen from the soil.
Sawdust can help to suppress weeds, small amounts will condition the soil helping with the watering holding capacity, adding nutrients, has been known to repel slugs and snails by raising it a few inches around your plants. The downside to using sawdust is that this material has been known to cost the leaching of nitrogen.
- Landscape Fabrics
- Plastic Mulch
- Rubber Mulch
The advantage of landscape fabric is that it allows water, air, and fertilizers to penetrate the soil along with suppressing weeds, the disadvantage is that because this mulch is inorganic it does not have any nutrient value and once the fabric tears weeds will being to pop up.
Plastic mulch is made from a material known as polyethylene film, this polythene material is a black sheet of plastic. This plastic mulch will suppress weeds, reduces moisture evaporation, may reduce root damage, insulates the soil, and prevents soil erosions. The disadvantage is this type of mulch has no nutrient value meaning it cannot breakdown, may encourage excessive moisture, and increase the soil’s temperature which can have a negative effect on some garden plants.
Decorative rocks have their place in the landscape and gardens, these rocks can suppress weeds once applied in a great amount. This type of mulch will also allow water penetration and will last a long time. The disadvantage is rocks, have been known to reflect the sun’s heat which can cause garden plants to use more water. This material can be hard to work with and can be pretty costly.
Acts the same way as rocks.
Rubber mulch is produced from ground recycled tires, this mulch type is available in various colors, suppress weeds, helps to retain moisture. The disadvantage is that this material has no nutrient value, has difficulty in breaking down meaning it can remain in the soil for a long time. a study that was done discovered that this material is also flammable.
We have said so much about mulches but what about compost?
With so many positives that have been said about compost in many garden reviews, it is hard to believe that there are some disadvantages so here we go as we take a closer look at compost.
The advantages of compost
2. This is an environmentally safe approach because you are the one that is building your compost.
3. Compost will increase the soil’s water holding capacity.
4. Condition your soil to hold more nutrients.
5. Improves soil drainage.
6. Compost helps with recycling which can save money.
7. Compost, in my opinion, maybe safer than synthetics because the overuse of synthetics will lead to plant burn.
8. Improves soil aeration.
The disadvantage of compost
1. It can be pretty costly if deciding on purchasing.
2. This process takes a while to get to the final product but it is worth it.
3. Starting a compost pile may attract rodents if not properly secured.
4. It carries an odor.
5. Nutrients can be leached out due to heavy rain downpours.
6. The nutrient value of compost is low compared to synthetic or manmade fertilizers.
What does it all boil down to?
From what we have discussed both of these garden products have their advantages and disadvantages, in my opinion, I have used both on garden projects because they complement each other and will have your garden and landscape area looking great, why not incorporate both mulch and compost your garden plants and soil microbes which benefits from both these garden material will love you for it as your garden plants grow healthy and happy giving results you are proud of.
Mulches along with compost can do so much good to our landscapes and gardens, when it comes down to a choice of mulch it is an individual preference but as stated earlier compost should be added to garden soils to build the soil’s structure to be able to retain water and nutrients along with good drainage and proper air circulation for soil microbes. I hope that I have answered your question and you can now decide what’s best for you as you move forward with the information that was provided.
About the author
Norman loves being in the garden, both at home and for his job....
he is 'Natures Little helper' being outdoors, growing his vegetables and flowers from an early age.
Now having spent over 22 years in the profession he want to give some of his knowledge to others...
his vast array of hints and tips you will find scattered over this site will help you no end growing plants in your garden.