Care For Roses In The Fall
- Written by: Norman
- Category: Garden Ornamental Plants, Shrubs, Bulbs, Bromeliads And Ground Covers
- Published: October 14, 2019
Preparing your Rose Bush for Next Season
In my opinion, roses are the queen of flowers, these garden beauties are very elegant and will bring that touch of class to a garden and landscape design. Roses are popular and are grown in many home gardens or purchased in floral arrangements to brighten up that special someone’s day but as the winter months approach, it brings with it not only the change in temperature but also moist conditions which can have an adverse effect on your rose bush.
Roses that are grown in the home garden, however, must be groomed during the fall months so when the following season arrives your rose bushes will perform at their best bursting with healthy flower bloom which will make you proud.
If this describes you then stick around and continue reading as we prepare our rose bushes for the spring and summer months.
Tools you will need
- Heavy-duty garden gloves
- Cleaning Solution
- Garbage Bags
These tools will make the operation cleanup of your rose bushes easy as you prepare your roses for the winter months.
Operation procedures of your roses bushes
- Removing spent flowers
- The removal of diseased parts
- Pruning overgrowth
- Avoid Transplanting
- Discontinue Fertilizing
- The use of mulch
Once these operating procedures are carried out correctly your rose bushes will produce quality roses.
The removal of spent flowers
1. The removal of spent flowers is so important because when these flowers are removed garden plants can now focus all of its energies on more flower bloom but with the approach of the winter months, it is best to discontinue deadheading so that the tender growth of your rose bush can harden of preparing them for those cold days. This practice should be carried out 2 months before the first frost.
The removal of diseased parts
2. Plant disease can be traced back to the decline of many garden plants, therefore it is of importance that we diagnosis and treat garden plant disease at the first sign. To ensure that your rose bush will survive the winter months you want to keep them as healthy as possible removing any diseased part that may weaken your plant. Leaves that are diseased can be removed with a hand pruner, a hand pruner can also be used on canes which are thicker but if the cane is too thick then lopping shears are the best choice.
One important thing to keep in mind and that is your tools must be sterilized to avoid spreading disease from one plant to the next. A mixture of half a gallon of water and 2 tablespoons of bleach thoroughly mixed together and then applied to the tool’s blade is a must. This solution can be applied by adding the mixture to a 32 0z bottle sprayer or applying this mixture to a piece of clean cloth and gently cleaning the entire blade.
The removal of overgrowth will not only help your rose bush to maintain its natural form but this procedure will help to stabilize your rose bush so it won’t be uprooted rocking back and forth during those winter months when the wind might be too strong.
With the transplanting procedures, your rose bush will produce new growth, you also want to discourage this as your roses enter the winter months which can cause damage to the new growth.
A clean garden contributes to a healthy garden, keeping your garden free of debris like litter and weeds will help greatly because weeds will encourage garden insect pests and debris such as fallen leaves can influence disease.
The pathogen which causes fungal disease can overwinter in the litter surrounding your rose bush, with a garden rake ensure that all debris is removed from the soil level or from the base of your rose bush.
Don’t fertilize during this time of the year because this will encourage new growth which can be winter-killed.
The use of mulches
The use of mulches is so important and benefits garden plants in so many ways. Mulches beautify giving that nice detailed clean appearance, the use of mulches also keeps weed down, retains moisture, will add nutrients to the soil ( natural organics ) as it decomposes but mulches can help to protect your rose bush roots from the cold as the ground freezes it acts as an insulator.
- Powdery Mildew
- Black Spot
Powdery mildew is a white powdery looking substance that forms on the leave’s surface, control this disease by watering plants early in the morning so that the leaves can have time to dry, try watering your rose bushes from the base or soil level. Applying baking soda to the plant’s leaves will offer some help also fungicide labeled to treat powdery mildew will help.
Black spots are encouraged by hot days with cold damp nights, summers which are humid, rainy and hot. This disease is brought on by fungus. Signs of black spot shows up as the leaves turning yellow with black circular spots that cover the entire leave both the top and the underside.
If this disease is not treated immediatley can weaken the entire plant also causing ( defoliation ) or the plant to lose all of its leaves. Younger canes that are infected produce blisters that are black or take on a dark purplish appearance.
The flowers will also take on an off-color, producing fewer flower buds without any leaves. At this point, your plant is weakened and if not address will die.
To avoid black spots ensure that good air circulation is provided, give your rose bush the proper spacing from other plants also thin out the center by removing several canes.
When irrigating ensure that water does not splash on the leaves, water your rose bush from the soil or ground level. Remove diseased leaves and canes. When removing canes cut about 8 inches below the part that is diseased when the weather is dry.
A good solution is to purchased and installed resistance cultivars, rose needs lots of sunlight and well-drained soil so ensure that these requirements are met also. The use of mulch will act as a barrier and will help water from splashing on the plant discouraging spores from spreading.
The use of chemicals can also offer some help.
Neem oil will help but before applying read and follow the manufactures label for best use.
Insecticidal soap with a mixture of fungicide has proven to be effective.
Some species of rose bushes
- French Rose
- Tea Rose
- China Rose
- Hybrid tea rose
- Cabbage Rose
- Rosa Peace
- Julia child rose
- Burnet Rose
The final word
Rose bushes can really give that WOW to a home garden, these beauties can grow from season to season as you follow the right procedures which will keep them healthy and happy year-round so get a jump start on the season by keeping your rose bush in tip-top shape you will be so happy that you did because with the coming of the spring and the summer months your rose bush will produce beautiful healthy flowers in full bloom.