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Daylilies Planting Tips and Care

Yellow and Red Daylily-care-of-the-daylilies-plants

Yellow and Red Daylily

From Central Europe and the Orient, the daylilies have made a name for its self by making an impact on many garden and landscape designs, there is believed to be more than 2500 hybrids to choose from so from these numbers there is no shortage which can give that WOW. Daylilies bloom in late spring and summer depending on your zone.

The daylilies look great planted in masses, the ideal time to plant daylilies is in early spring and the fall months. The daylilies will brighten up your world creating a pleasing effect that is so inviting, these flowering plants are so amazing and is enjoyed by many in the home garden. Let’s take a closer look at the daylily and how they can fit into your garden and landscapes.

Planting Location

When installing daylilies look for and area that gets 6 hours of sunlight.

Soil Type

The daylilies are not fussy and will thrive in a wide range of soil, when working with clay soil the use of compost, peat moss or sand will help with soil improvements.

Watering Methods

Daylilies are drought-tolerant but need moderate water to keep them growing their best.

Fertilizing Methods

The use of a liquid feed or slow-release fertilizer such as triple ten will work wonders for your daylilies. A light application will do or follow the direction on the manufacture’s label but before fertilizing your daylilies it is good to have a soil ph test done for best results also avoid fertilizers that have high nitrogen content.

Garden insect pests of daylilies

Here are a few garden pests to keep a watch out for.

  • Aphids
  • Thrips
  • Spider Mites
  • Tarnish plant bugs
  • Cucumber Beetles
  • Japanese Beetles
  • Cutworms
  • Grasshoppers

Sucking insects will suck the plant’s fluids weakening your plant also causing yellowing of the leaves followed by defoliation ( leaf drop ). Sucking insect also encourages sooty mold which can really cause garden plants to take on a sickly appearance.

The use of insecticidal soap or neem oil will bring these garden pests under control. Before using pesticides read and follow the manufacture’s label. Introducing beneficial insects into your garden is a natural and safe method ( biological control ) which will also bring garden insect pests under control.

Slugs and Snails

  • Slugs
  • Snails

Slugs and Snails cause damage by eating the plant parts which can make a plant look sickly and unattractive, slugs an snails can be controlled either by handpicking them and throwing them into a bucket of soap and water or by baiting ( Snail bait).

Chewing Insects

  • Tarnish plant bugs
  • Cucumber Beetles
  • Japanese Beetles
  • Cutworms
  • Grasshoppers

For the control of these chewing garden pest the use of Tempo® Ready-to-Use
Insecticide will give good results. Before treating read and follow the manufacture’s label also keep chemicals in a safe place out of the reach of children and pets.

Disease of daylilies

Keep an eye out for theses disease.

  • Rust
  • White Mold
  • Bacterial Leaf Spot
  • Leaf Streak
  • Rhizoctonia Crown Rot

Rust

Rust is caused by a fungus, signs or symptoms that show up as bright orange-yellow streaks on the topside of the leaves and bright spores on the leaves undersides, the use of a fungicide along with good cultural practice will bring this disease under control.

When first signs show up treat right away because this disease spreads rapidly. Prune and discard leaves that are infected. Before purchasing fungicides read the manufacturer’s label for listed disease and how to treat for best results.

White Mold

White mold shows up as a white cottony growth that covers the soil are around plants also the plants crown. This fungus is difficult to control because it remains dormant in the soil for a few years. White mold disease can be avoided by controlling the high moisture level.

Soils which are infected along with plants should be removed and discarded, Purchasing daylilies species which are immune to this disease will help.

Bacterial Leaf Spot

The bacteria which cause this disease enters through the plant wound, moist conditions encourage this disease which spreads rapidly. Signs of bacterial leaf spot shows up as foul odor along with plant tissues which are mushy and soft.

Daylilies that are severely infected should be removed and discarded. If the infection is not that server and part of the plant is damaged then remove that section or portion, allow the area where you made the cut to dry and install the plant in good healthy soil which has good drainage.

Leaf Streak

Leaf streak is caused by a fungus that appears as a dark green spot which is soggy that appears on the plant’s leaves. As the disease progress, the leaves take on a yellow appearance then turn red-brown, which leaves a streaking pattern down the center of the leaves.

Control measures involve cutting back the foliage ( leaves ) during the winter months in order to keep spores from overwintering, the removal of infected leaves during the growing season is a must. When giving your daylilies a drink always water at the soil level or from the base.

Rhizoctonia Crown Rot

Rhizoctonia crown rot is caused by continual wet conditions along with soil that has poor drainage. A dark fuzzy fungal growth will appear at the soil surface as the plant’s crown rots. Relocating your daylilies to soil which has good drainage will cause the plant’s health to improve.

Deadheading your daylilies

Look for flower bloom that is spent or old and remove with a pruner, the purpose of deadheading spent flowers is so that the spent flowers would not produce seeds but rather your daylilies will spend its energy in producing more blossom.

If you don’t deadhead your daylilies you will end up with plant material and not much flower bloom.

Planting Locations

Here are a few places to install your daylilies

1. Daylilies look great installed near a pond.

2. Install them along a garden walking pathway.

3. Plant some in masses alongside your patio.

4. Install daylilies alongside a fence.

5. What about alongside a wall?

6. Incorporate them into your garden plant design.

7. Install the daylilies in containers and place the containers on your porch or patio.

8. Plant daylilies in masses around your tree truck provided sufficient sunlight can get to them.

Mulching your daylilies

The use of mulches has so many benefits, some of these benefits include conserving water, keeping the soil temperature cool, suppressing weeds, beautification and adding nutrients to the soil as it decomposes.

Container grown daylilies

A good way to grow daylilies is with the help of containers, this method is known as container gardening. When installing daylilies in containers ensure that the container has drain holes to allow excess water to find a way to drain because if water can not drain will lead to root rot.

The potting medium should be a rich soilless potting mix, place the container in an area that gets 6 hours of sunlight. Water, fertilize and treat for garden insect pests and disease as stated above.

Installing daylilies indoors

When growing daylilies indoors requires that you give them your utmost attention, containers should have drain holes to allow water to drain. A  few small stones or river rocks to be placed inside of the container and at the bottom will also help with drainage.

Next, add your potting mix to the container, half the potting mix then add your bulbs with the rooting end pointing down and resting on the soil’s surface. Continue to fill the container with a potting mix until the bulb is completely covered.

The potting mix should be moist, not waterlogged to avoid rot, the soil should not be allowed to dry out. The use of a diluted balanced fertilizer once a week is sufficient. Fertilizers which has high nitrogen content should be avoided.

Ensure that your daylilies are getting about 6 hours of sunlight, installing grow lights if needed will help greatly. Rotating your daylily every now and again will ensure that the entire plant is getting the right about of light.

Remove dead flowers and leaves, once the leaves turn yellow and die this is a good time trim or prune to the soil level. Your bulbs can be removed outdoors and planted or stored in a cool dark place.

Some species of daylilies

Daylily-care-of-daylilies-plants

Daylily

1. Long Daylily.

2. Amur Daylily.

3. Orange Daylily.

4. Small Daylily.

5. Farnsworth Spider.

6. Golden Diamond.

7. Hall’s Pink.

8. Jersey Spider.

9. Lacy Queen.

10. Live wire beauty.

The final word

The daylily is an amazing plant to install in your home garden or in the interior, these garden beauties can brighten up your world bringing that much-needed flavor so if you are interested in the care and growth of daylilies then follow these methods for success and join the many homeowners which are enjoying the beauty these plants bring.

12 comments

  1. Genia Ashley says:

    I love gardening myself..Flowers just give out so much beauty….. .I never knew about rust though in all my life of gardening, that was interesting to hear about.. I’ll have to watch out for that…Great information, very detailed.. Very well thought out..Nice work! Can’t wait to read more! Best of luck!

    1. Norman says:

      Thanks so much and so happy to help.

  2. DreaJay says:

    Planting daylilies will definitely be a great idea and you’ve really done a great job by putting this together,it’s so helpful. These tips are very practical and they can be easily accessed, about the 6 hours of sunlight, I guess what that means is tge the plant doesn’t need shades or it needs to be monitored?? I think I’ll go for the container gardening method for daylilies plant, it’ll be easier to move. Thanks for such an amazing article, it’ll be of immense use. Thanks.

    1. Norman says:

      Daylilies are really amazing and will make a good impact. Wishing you success with your container garden and please let me know how it goes. All the best to you and have a good day.

  3. Lily says:

    I love daylilies and grow many in our home garden.  Such beautiful colours. This was such an informative article and I learned a lot about dealing with pests and keeping my lilies healthy and blooming.

    You gave an extensive list of posts. I hadn’t realised that there could be so many problems with bulbs. 

    You explained why I sometimes get rotting bulbs and streaky leaves.

    Thanks so much.

    Lily 😊

    1. Norman says:

      Daylilies are pretty amazing and do work wonders in a garden area. So happy that I could help.

  4. Rodarrick says:

    Thankfully I did this research before engaging in the planting of daylilies in my garden. Wow! you have given a detailed guide on what ought to be put in place and the things that should be overlooked when it comes to management of the daylilies. I will surely bookmark this post because it will come in handy after I finally begin to plan them on my garden. Thumbs up to you for sharing this.

    1. Norman says:

      The daylilies are really amazing and can light up a garden area with its beauty and charm. So happy to help and wishing you the best of success with your garden project. All the best to you and have a good day.

  5. Ramos says:

    Wow! I would never have thought that this much details and work goes behind working on the planting and caring for the daylilies. they are such a lovely plant and I wish to add them o my garden but I never knew that it would require to know so much about them. thanks for attaching details as this here and I really gained a lot of information in here. Thumbs up

    1. Norman says:

      The daylilies are really amazing and can really add to the appeal of a garden and landscape area. So happy to help, all the best you and have a good day.

  6. Henry says:

    Hemerocallis, or commonly known as daylily.
    They say more than 2500 hybrids to choose from? What a marvelous way to turn barren places into full of colors.
    I like the in depth approach yet not overwhelming amount of details you’ve brought to the table.
    Slow-release fertilizer is an interesting ‘animal’ in gardening world & caught my attention immediately.
    What will happen if you go a bit over board & use too much of fertilizer on your daylilies?
    More importantly, how can you salvage the situation if such accident occurs?

    1. Norman says:

      Hello herny good to see you, daylilies are pretty amazing and can really tranforms your garden and landscape areas. When it comes to synthetic or man-made fertilizers can burn your garden plant because of the salt content, therefore, it is always important to read and follow the manufacturer’s label before use.

      If your plant experiences fertilizer burn because of overuse it is best to flush your plant with fresh water because the gold is to remove this excess fertilizer out of the plant’s root zone. If the brun is to server then there may not be any hope of saving that plant so before using fertilizers always read and follow the direction! Hope this helps.

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