Dianthus Planting and Care
Dianthus are low-maintenance plants giving your garden that color pop while attracting butterflies and other pollinators. These garden beauties also go by the name Sweet William and are a real show stopper with their array of flowering colors which are so dazzling and will spice up your summer garden. Dianthus belongs to the family Caryophyllaceae and is in a genus of 3000 species of flowering plants which include carnation. Dianthus are native to Asia, Northern Europe, China, Alaska, and South Africa. Dianthus produces a spicy fragrance, most species have an abundance of flowers that comes in many shapes and colors with simple narrow leaves.
Dianthus can be classified as perennials, hardy annuals, or biennial, these plants can get up to 6-18 inches tall. Liven up your spring and summer gardens with dianthus as you work on the great outdoors, if you are interested in the growth and care of dianthus continue reading as we take a closer look at the world of dianthus which can transform your garden with so much color pop.
When planting dianthus, install in a garden area that gets full sunlight, these garden beauties will perform at their best under these conditions.
The soil type should be well-drained with a Ph that is slightly alkaline to neutral.
When watering your dianthus especially during the summertime ensure that the soil is somewhat moist and not waterlogged. Allow the soil to dry out a bit before giving your dianthus another drink.
A slow-release fertilizer such as 5-10-5 or 5-10-10 will keep your dianthus flowering beautifully.
Garden insect pests of dianthus
Keeping an eye out for these pests will have your dianthus growing their best.
- Spider Mites
Aphids and Spider Mites
Aphids and spider mites are tiny insects that can cause huge damage. These garden insect pests will suck the plant’s fluids causing yellowing of the leaves followed by leaf drop. To bring aphids and spider mites under control the use of insecticidal soap will eliminate them. Before applying read and follow the manufacturer’s label for best results.
Because dianthus is a soft luscious plant slugs will eat the plant parts. The use of snail bait or handpicking them and throwing them into a bucket of soapy water will bring them.
Disease of dianthus
Watch for these diseases and treat them as soon as they appear.
- Greasy Blotch
- Fusarium Wilt
- Alternaria Leaf Spot
- Botrytis Blight
- Bacterial Slow Wilt
Signs of rust show in dianthus as small blisters that have sores with a rust-red color. Applying a fungicide will bring control.
The leaves develop a web pattern that causes yellowing, the leaves will eventually die if the humidity is adjusted. To combat this issue the humidity level should be below 85%
This disease appears as yellowing of the leaves along with wilting and stem rot. It is best to choose plants that are healthy to avoid Fusarium Wilt.
Alternaria Leaf Spot
The plant leaves develop spots that are small and purple, the leaves will yellow and the center will turn brown. The use of a fungicide will bring control.
Botrytis blight affects plants by causing the plant’s petals to be covered with a gray fungal growth, the petals will also turn brown. keep the plant bed free of debris, plants should be properly spaced to provide good air circulation, do not irrigate or water plants too late in the day, applying a fungicide will help.
Bacterial Slow Spot
This disease cause stunting, twisting and wilting. The plant’s leaves take on a green-yellowish appearance, the lower leaves will eventually die. Plants which has these symptoms should be destroyed.
Ideas on where to install dianthus
Here are just a few ideas on where to install your dianthus.
1. Installing dianthus in a garden plant bed as a front drop will work wonders.
2. Plant them around the trunk of a tree.
3. What about a garden walking pathway?
4. Install them in containers and place the containers on either side of your front door.
5. Place the container on your porch or patio.
6. Install them alongside a wall.
7. Place them alongside a fenced area.
Container grown dianthus
Container gardening makes a great choice in growing dianthus, the container should have drain holes to allow excess water to drain. The soil should also be well-drained soil which is slightly alkaline, keep the soil somewhat moist and not waterlogged which will encourage root rot. The use of a slow-release fertilizer during the growing season will keep your dianthus blooming nicely. Before applying fertilizers read and follow the manufacturer’s label because the label is the law. Keep a watchful eye for garden insect pests and diseases as stated earlier.
Deadheading is a great way for your dianthus to put forth new flower bloom. When the older bloom starts to fade this is a sure sign that the next step is deadheading. With a sharp pair of scissors or hand pruner that is sterilized prune your dianthus. The cut should be made back to the base right above the nearest set of leaves and before you know it you will have fresh beautiful flowers in full bloom.
The final word
Dianthus are beautiful flowering plants that can work wonders. These garden beauties are worth the investment, the beautiful flower bloom seems to say that spring and summer are here giving such a great feeling. Go ahead and give these amazing plants a try and take your gardens and landscapes to the next level. Dianthus brings that much-need flavor that will spice up your garden as you enjoy its beauty.