Tips to Growing Figs
Figs are a superfood that has made its mark and has been around for some time, figs are filled with vitamins and have so many benefits. Including these trees in your garden is an added benefit.
In fact, figs have been around since ancient times. The bible dates figs back as far as thousands of years which means that the ancients knew about this fruit. Even Jesus made mention of this tree in the bible so the fig tree has survived from century to century and has come down to us.
But just like those in ancient times that knew the benefits of these fruits and took advantage of them, we can do the seem also and experience those benefits that will help keep us healthy. In this article, we looked at how to grow figs.
How To Grow Figs
- When planting figs look for a sunny location
- The planting hole should be prepared with organic soil. The soil ph should be between 6.0-6.5 also the soil should be a well- drain soil
- Give proper spacing of plants about 6-10 feet is sufficient for good air circulation
- Fertilize with organic fertilizer or synthetic. Follow the label because the label is the law
- Keep plants well-watered but don’t overwater because this will encourage disease brought on by fungus.
- Adding a 3-inch layer of mulch has proved to be of good benefit. For more on the benefits of mulch follow the link
Insect pest, send them running
Insect pests just can’t leave our gardens. They love to make a feast out of our garden plants but what is so good is that we can strike back and send them running. Here is a list of insect pests to watch out for.
- The fig tree borer
- Spider mites
- Fig scales
- Confused sap beetles
- Dried fruit beetle
- Fig beetle
- Freeman sap beetle
- Darkling ground beetle
- Carpenter worm
Control measures include several methods depending on the insect pest for example.
Spider mites and scales may require insecticidal soap and horticultural oil sprays mix with water. When it comes to borers the bottom part of the tree should be enclosed with netting material. The top of the netting should be covered with foil coated in vaseline.
The carpenter worm larva is controlled with the use of parasitic nematodes
Baits traps should be used for confused sap beetles, freeman sap beetles, and dried beetles. Using an insecticide containing malathion will also help. When it comes to the darkling ground beetle the best defense is to keep the area free of weeds and debris.
Diseases of the fig tree
There are several diseases that are caused by a fungus that will infect figs that are.
- Phomopsis canker enters the tree because of injury. The sign of this disease includes dead tissue around the wound. Control involves the removal of the infected part and properly disposing of it.
- Fig mosaic shows up as blotches on the leaves. These blotches are caused by a virus. The mites that spread this virus can be controlled with horticultural oils or miticides.
- The Aspergillus is a fungus that infects the insides of the fig by causing it to turn green then powdery. The tree needs to be destroyed and the soil should be treated with a fungicide. Planting can be done after a year.
- Fig rust appears as small orange spots that get larger if left untreated. In some cases, the leaves may drop. Control measures include using a copper-based fungicide
- Endosepsisis is caused by a wasp that is responsible for pollination. The wasp enters the figs to lay its eggs. When the wasp dies the fungus develops on the body of the dead wasp that is inside the fig. The tree should be destroyed and the soil treated with a fungicide. Wait for a year before planting.
Harvest time for figs
The time to harvest figs is when the fruit neck wilts and the fruits hang down if picked before these signs figs will not ripen also ripe figs are soft to the touch when squeezed gently. Ripe figs are delicious and sweet if pick too early the taste is unpleasant they will have a dry and rubbery taste so wait for the right time and you will be enjoying your harvest of figs.
Ripe figs that are not eaten right away can be dried or frozen. Figs can be dried in the sun or by using a dehydrator. In the case of freezing thoroughly wash and dry figs then transfer them onto a baking sheet freeze them until hard and place them in a container. Figs can be stored anywhere from 1-2 years.
The final word
Figs are great and you will love them, They are so healthy and contains the right amount of vitamins that have proven to be beneficial. It is good to be able to eat the fruits of our labor.