Palms and their care
Palms and their uses indoors and outdoors
In this article, we will be looking at palms their care and how to use them on the indoors and outdoors. While we will not be covering every aspect of palms in this article because of the vastness of the subject, however, we will be looking at some general information that pertains to palms.
There is said to be about two thousand six hundred species of palms (2,600) so you can imagine the extent we have to go to if we were to look at each one on an individual basis. But there are some basic rules that we can apply for just about any palm which will ensure that our palms stay nice and healthy.
I have worked with palms for many years. The beauty and touch of class that they bring into just about any plant design are amazing. Palms do not only give that touch of class but also that elegant look. Palms can bring total transformation to any environment.
Palms within interior plantscape
One of my assignments as an interior plantscape technician was not only to install palms but to create breathtaking designs with them. When installing palms on the inside one thing to remain mindful of is the light requirements of that palm. Also be mindful of water requirements, fertilizer, common pests and grooming procedures.
These basic things listed above are vital necessities in order for palms to be able to thrive.
Tools needed for interior plant care
Tools are so important because without them we will not be able to effectively carry out our job. So it is with interior plantscape in particular as we discuss palms. These are the tools that you would need.
3. Water jug.
4. Soil probe or moisture meter.
6. Water tank (depends on job size)
7. 6 or 8ft ladder (depends on job layout)
The main pest problems that I have dealt with when dealing with interior plant scape palms were mealy bugs, scales, and spider mites.
To learn more about these garden insect pests check out this link pest control methods
Controlling these insects is not that hard, as long as you have a weekly program in place where you inspect your plants on both sides of the leaves along with stems. Either buy insecticidal soaps from your garden centre or by making a homemade mixture
of 1 tsp of dish liquid into a gallon of water. Once properly mixed, pour this mixture into a 32oz spray bottle and apply to the entire infected area of the palm on both sides of the leaves and even stem. Leave on for about 10-15 minutes and then wipe off with a clean soft cloth.
But if you prefer to purchase chemicals, read the label carefully and follow as directed.
Palms like any other plant come under attack by insects mainly when they are stressed from lack of water, a nutritional deficiency, insufficient lighting or having non-infected and infected plants growing closely together.
When purchasing palms always remember to ask your nurseryman about the care of palms
This information will go a long way in the overall health of your palm. When fertilizing indoor or container- grown palms it is best to use a slow release fertilizer ( slower release fertilizer ). It is also good to rotate palms after several months.
Try to have several palms on hand to have a rotation program going on to ensure the longevity of your palms.
Palms within the landscape
Now that we have looked at palms within the interior, we will be looking at palms within the landscapes. Palms that are grown within the landscape require more attention because of being exposed to the environment and the elements. This alone can cause a major impact on their survival.
Again having some knowledge of palms and their care can go a long way in helping them grow healthy. When putting together a plant design always remember the proper placement of palms because this will affect the thriving of your palm.
Care of outdoor Palms
When caring for outdoor palms there are some practices that must be put in place to ensure the survival of your palm. First, know your palm requirements.
Some of these basic requirements include:
Know the watering need of your plants. Make sure to water as needed.
Know your palm fertilizer requirements and follow fertilizer directions. Remember also that palms suffer mostly from potassium and magnesium deficiency. Make sure and get a soil ph test done before applying fertilizers.
Follow this link to learn more about soil ph.
There are many pest problems that palms face. So by knowing your palm, it will be easier to identify the host pest. Use control methods as directed. Your garden centre or plant nurseryman is also a good source of information in helping you to know the needs of your palm type.
Follow this link to learn about some common garden pest problems.
Pathogens are disease-carrying organisms that spread disease.
To learn more about these pathogens follow this link plant disease control.
Remember the label is law so follow direction.
More on palm care
When pruning palm foliage (leaves) make sure to prune or make the cut properly, Cut foliage of as close to the trunk as possible. Also when caring for palms be careful not to damage the crown of your palm. The crown is located at the top of the palm, it is that centre area where the young foliage grows from.
The final word
In upcoming articles, we will be looking more in-depth at palms. Palms are exotic plants and should be handled with tender loving care. So let us do our part in ensuring their growth and survival.