Growth and Care of Philodendron
Philodendrons are perennial plants that are native to the Caribbean, Venezuela, Asia but also grow in Colombia. Philodendron dates back hundreds of years as far back as 1644, there are said to be 450 species of these garden beauties. The philodendron belongs to the family Araceae, the shape, size, and texture of foliage (leaves) vary while the leaves may be either green, red, purple, or copper color.
The leaves of some species are broad and will give your garden good coverage by covering large empty spaces or closing in large empty spots. Because of their ability to adapt in low light areas in the rainforest the philodendron makes a great indoor plant as well. For more on the growth and care of philodendron continue reading.
The planting location
Philodendron grows best in medium or indirect bright light.
The soil type
A well-drained soil that’s high in organic matter is ideal for philodendron to grow healthy.
The soil should be kept moist not waterlogged which can lead to root rot.
Although I have seen these garden beauties growing nicely without fertilization it’s still good to supply philodendrons with nutrients. A balanced slow-release fertilizer is ideal, before applying read and follow the label for best results.
Garden insect pests issues
Keep an eye out for these garden insect pests.
- Spiders mites
These disease issues may occur.
- Xanthomonas Leaf Spot and Tipburn
- Erwinia blight
- Pseudomonas Leaf Spot
Xanthomonas Leaf Spot and Tipburn
This disease occurs from bacteria entering the plant’s wound, yellowing starts at the tips of the leaves and spreads to the margin. Yellow reddish spots that look like a halo develops along the leaf’s edges.
As this disease persists the spots turn brown followed by the leaf becoming a brown color followed by leaf drop. Humid conditions where temperatures are 70-90 degrees Fahrenheit play a big part in the spread of this disease.
Erwinia blight thrives in damp conditions, signs include water-soaked lesions that appear on the stems with the infection spreading to the leaves. New growth is stunted turning yellow, lesions that are wet tan, and yellow appear on the older leaves. In extremely hot conditions, the disease tissues produce an odor. The infected leaves tins and are filled with holes.
Pseudomonas Leaf Spot
Signs of this disease include lesions that resemble a halo are watery and yellow with a dark center. The lesions turn a tan color, in moist conditions the infected leaves may drop. Avoiding plant wounds and decrease misting the leaves when temperatures are high.
Pruning procedures involve the removal of leaves that are yellow, brown, or diseased. The leaves should be removed by going inside the plant and cutting the entire stem.
For a fuller plant, pinch or make the cut just above a leaf node that resembles a bump. This will encourage new stems and leaves to grow.
Where to install philodendrons
- Philodendrons can be installed as a backdrop in a garden bed
- Can be planted in masses giving equal spacing however
- Can be installed around the trunks of trees
- Place alongside a wall
- Place alongside a fenced area
- Philodendrons are popular as indoor plants
- Can be grown as a container plant
Growing philodendrons indoors
When growing philodendrons indoors place in an area that gets medium to bright indirect light.
The soil type
The soil should be well-drain to retain the right amount of water but will allow excess water to drain.
The soil should be moist, not soggy or mucky
The container that’s chosen should have drain holes for water drainage and a saucer at the bottom to catch the water.
During the growing season, a light application of balanced liquid fertilizer is ideal. Before applying read and follow the manufactures label.
Temperature and Humidity
The temperature and humidity are so important, placing the container on a pebble tray of water or misting the leaves every 2 days during the growing season will help. During the colder months misting the leaves, every 3-4 days is ideal.
1. Keep the plant bed clear of debris will help plants greatly.
2. Inspect your philodendron once a week to ensure they’re growing healthy.
3. At the first sign of an issue deal with it, don’t let it persist.
The final word on philodendron plant care
The philodendron is great for growing both out and indoors, these garden beauties are used on many landscapes as well as interiorscape projects. I have worked with these plants for years and have never been disappointed. Growing and caring for philodendron is that simple so give them a try.