Growing successfully with soils
Does garden soil really matters or is it ok to believe that soil is soil, therefore, it doesn’t matter what we use it is a sure guarantee we will have garden success or should we approach this topic with an open mind thinking there might be a difference. When it comes to soil many people are not sure therefore it is crucial to have some knowledge of soil type to have success with gardening. There is no such thing as a green thumb but rather acquiring the knowledge that will pay off in the long run.
Many people have garden successfully without understanding that one of the key ingredients was the soil that made such a big difference, this was the experience that I had as a child when I created my first garden along with my parents and many neighbours that had gardens. Over the years, however, I have learned soil type and the importance of having knowledge in this area to reap a good harvest.
There are so many different soil type that it can become confusing as to what to use in order to have the kind of success you’re looking for. So we will be looking at many of these soils to get a better understanding of what makes up these soils and what their functions are. One of the things that I learn is that all soil is not soil, I know it does sound pretty confusing but when I learned this reality it placed me in a better position to have success with gardening.
Garden soil or native soil are soils that are found in our gardens, these soil are produced from nature without any human effort. There are many types of native soils which can be found in the home garden. For more on these soils follow this link. Some of these soils are not ideal because of their structure and profile which can work against the growth and proper development of plant life.
However, there are some plants that will thrive in these less than ideal soil because some plants need these soils to perform at their best. An example of this is installing cactus. Cactus need sandy soils in order to thrive but if you plant peace lily in this soil type it will not do as well. So having a knowledge of your plant’s requirements is also important.
You may have the ideal soil but your choice of plant for that area might not be right, this is a very important point to remember because this can be the difference in you having garden success or losing money and time invested. Sometime we may have the ideal soil but need help in improving the quality of these soils, this method is known as amending the soil. For more on the conditioning or amending your already existing soil follow these links. Starting a compost pile and organic soil mix.
Garden soil or native soil, however, do have some help from nature because organic matter such as leaves which falls from trees to the earth surface, the bodies of dead animals, decaying tree, roots and other organic material once decompose adds nutrients to the soil. This is nature’s way of helping our garden plants to be their best.
Potting soil vs Garden soil
When it comes to potting soil it’s another story because potting soils are not soil pre-say but is known as a soilless mix in other words these soil are made from organic material and mix with other products to meet our garden plants requirements, we will be looking at some of these soils to see what they bring to the table.
- Peat moss
- Cacti and succulent mix
- Orchid mix
- Potting soil
While many of these soils are made up of different ingredients there are some similarities that will give the same results, also mixing some of these soils together makes the ideal soil because they compliment each other. What I love about potting soil is that these soils are weed and disease free giving your garden plants a good head start.
Potting soils are also great for container plants because the roots of container-grown plants are restricted because of the containers they are in which means using these soils can take away from plants stress as they develop and reach full maturity.
Potting soil vs Garden soil
Peat moss– Peat moss is a soilless mix which means peat is produced from dead fibrous materials such as mosses and other organic materials that decompose in peat bogs. Peat moss is produced without the presence of air which slows down the decomposition process. It takes several millennia for peat moss to form.
Peat moss does not have any nutrients but what is so good about this soilless mix is its ability to hold and absorb water and in helping to change soil texture. I have used this material many times and have gotten good results. Peat moss is good to use in sandy soils to help with its ability to absorb and hold water. Peat moss can also be used as an amendment in vegetable and flower gardens.
Cacti and succulent mix-For plants like cacti and succulents a well-drain soil is an ideal medium for these plants to grow successfully. Cacti, as well as succulents, don’t like wet feet so here is a home mixture that will keep your plants smiling.
- Horticulture or builders sand
- Five parts bag potting soil
- Four parts perlite
Adding these mixtures together makes the perfect potting soil for plants that love a well-drain soil.
Perlite– is a volcanic glass that is heated at 1,600 degrees Fahrenheit because of the intense heat the volcanic glass pops like popcorn and appears as a white light material. Perlite is used in or mixed with potting soil to help improve soil structure and for proper air circulation.
I have worked with potting soils that contain perlite and have gotten good results. So if you are installing plants which require a well-drain soil like in the above mention adding perlite is the key.
Vermiculite– can be purchased by itself or in potting soil. Vermiculite is hydrated laminar minerals. Intense heat is added to vermiculite that causes it to expand, once expanded it takes on the shape of pellets. Vermiculite is non-toxic and will not deteriorate also vermiculite does not carry an odour. The purpose of vermiculite is to aerate the soil also to increase nutrient and water retention that will improve your plant’s overall health.
Pro-mix– is made up of peat moss, perlite, and vermiculite which will also help to improve soil structure and profile. I have worked with this material and have gotten great results, for soils that have poor air circulation and drainage this soilless mix is as an added bonus also does well in container gardening.
Orchid mix– when it comes to orchids the game really changes because the roots of orchids are different from other plants. Orchids hate wet feet and root rot can set in pretty fast if this fact is ignored. The planting medium of orchid consists of fir bark, peat moss, and perlite. A soilless mix like this is great for drainage and air circulation which is important for orchid plant survival. There are several brands on the market.
Potting soil– There are many types of potting soils that are sold under different brands but basically contains some of the same ingredients. These ingredients are sand, perlite, vermiculite, peat moss, and compost. Each of these material plays an important part in improving soil structure. I have used several brands over the years in container gardening.
Topsoil– Topsoil is the upper layer or first 2 inches of soil. This upper layer of soil is rich in organic matter which is broken down by soil microbes, these microbes are hard at work and very active making this top layer of soil rich in nutrients.
It is good when planting and backfilling to add this upper layer of soil in the planting hold where it is needed most by the plant’s roots. leaves, tree branches, dead plant roots, the bodies of insects, birds and other life forms once dead is broken down by these soil microbes which enriches the soil. Topsoil can be purchased by the yard or in small bulks.
Manure– Manure is animal droppings that come from chickens, cows, and horses because these animals feed on vegetation, therefore, their excrement is safe. The excrement of animals that has meat in its diet should not be used because of health reasons. Animal manure should not be used when fresh but allowed to dry because fresh manure can cause the plant to burn. The manure of animals is rich in nutrients and can be pretty costly.
Manure is made up of animal droppings, urine and animal feed. When added to soils manure helps to condition soil through absorbing and holding moisture, adding nutrients and increasing air circulation.
Compost-Compost can really condition your garden soil giving your plant a good head start. Compost is made from kitchen scraps such as vegetables, egg shells non-acidic fruits like banana peels and other organic material. Meats should never be used because of diseases which can cause contamination and also attract animals and rodents. For more on how to create your compost pile follow the link. Compost adds nutrients to the soil, improves soil structure, absorbs an holds water and help soil air circulation.
Potting soil vs Garden soil
The final word
I hope this article shed some light on soil type. It can be pretty confusing especially when entering a garden centre and seeing the many brands that stack the shelves. So the next time you are planning on installing garden plants remember that soil does matter. Reading the label is a great way to understand what you are buying don’t go for the cheapness price even though you would love to save some money. The gold is to grow healthy plants you can be proud off and in the case of vegetables and herbs to be able to reap a good harvest. Your plants are depending on you to keep them healthy and happy.