Vegetable garden

How to Grow a Vegetable Garden

Vegetables contain a good source of vitamins that can enhance our health and strengthen our bodies to fight off sickness and diseases. Vegetables are more potent when eaten raw or semi-cooked.

Overcooking vegetables can destroy many vitamins they contain, so we will be looking at vegetables and how we can plant and care for them in our vegetable garden. There is nothing like growing and harvesting your very own vegetables from your home garden. The first vegetable that we will be looking at is carrots.

Planting and care of carrots


Carrots are not only one of the favorite of the looney cartoon character bungs bunny but are also a favorite of many worldwide, carrots are loaded with Vitamin A that is good for your eyesight which can increase your body’s defense system. So let’s plant some carrots.

Carrots should be planted in early spring and late fall the soil should be well-drained soil or soil that has good drainage, to help condition your soil if you don’t know what soil type you have you can amend the soil

with some type of organic material to ensure proper drainage. When growing carrots the soil should be properly cultivated to ensure a good healthy harvest.

Plant your carrots in rows one to three feet apart and seeds should be planted one inch deep and one to four inches apart. Do not let the soil dry out completely when watering.

Top growth should appear in about two weeks, keeping the soil cultivated will keep weeds down so with a hoe you can go from row to row lightly turning the soil in between each row.

Make sure to read the instruction on the back of the seed package so you can know when to harvest, baby carrots can be harvest in two and a half months.

I know it may seem long but it is worth the wait, the more mature carrot can be harvest in about the same time period or you can give it an additional week. Loosen the soil around your carrots and gently pull to remove the carrot from the soil.

Planting and care of cucumbers


Cucumbers can be used in salads or it can be cooked I prefer to eat them raw, cucumbers have a great taste and can add much flavor to your meals. Cucumbers also have it’s our bodies require. So let’s plant some cucumbers

The seeds can be purchased from your plant nursery. The soil should be rich in organic matter. When planting put about two to three seeds in each planting hole.

Each hole should be spaced about six to eight inches apart, water plants about one inch in depth. Cucumbers grow like a vine so they should be planted using a trellis instead of letting them grow on the ground.

Also, note cucumbers are warm-season plants and can be planted two weeks after the last spring frost date.

Make sure that the planting site is in a sunny location. Also, keep an eye out for whiteflies and cucumber beetles. Your nurseryman should be able to recommend an insecticide to eliminate these pest problems, harvest cucumbers when they are one to one and a half inches in diameter.

Planting and care of bell peppers

Orange-green-yellow-red-bell pepper-vegetable-garden
Sweet or Bell Peppers

Remember that old 80’s song that goes you can ring my bell well these colorful veggies is no exception with their array of colors they sure can ring our bells adding not only flavor but many colors to our tables, bell peppers are a must for our gardens so include them you won’t be sorry. Let’s get started.

Seeds can be purchased from your nursery or you can use the seed from the bell peppers you would have purchased from the supermarket. Let the seeds dry for about a week and a half

The planting site should be in a sunny location the soil should be a good loamy soil rich in organic matter, plant seeds about eight to ten weeks before last spring frost.

start seeds indoors in plant pots or plastic trays. The temperature should be about seventy degrees or higher to begin to achieve success. After frost has passed plants can be transferred on the outside.

Each planting hole should be eighteen to twenty-four inches apart give the plant one to two inches of water per week, in the hot or drier climate you may need to increase watering.

You can also place stakes in the ground to help support the plant and keep it from bending as the bell pepper matures in size, keep an eye out for pests such as flea beetles and aphids

also blossom end rot. Check with your nurseryman for what you can use to combat this problem, when peppers are fully mature you can use a knife or scissors to remove them. Peppers can be placed in vegetable pans in the fridge or in plastic bags then refrigerate for about two weeks.

Planting and care of broccoli


Broccoli semi-cooked with melted cheese is not only a tasty treat but is also an excellent way to get those vitamins, so how do we get these veggies from the garden to our kitchen tables?

Broccoli needs to be planted in a sunny location, the soil should be a good loamy soil that can hold moisture for spring planting seeds or transplant two to three weeks before the last spring frost date.

When preparing the site for planting make such to incorporate chicken or cow manure or some other rich organic material into the soil.

Seeds, as you know, can be purchased from your plant nursery make sure to water the planting site with sufficient water before planting about sixteen to twenty-two inches of water.

Place seeds about one to two inches deep in the planting hole and about ten to twelve inches apart.

When the florets around the broccoli head begin to show slight loosening and the beads in the crown are still tight your broccoli is ready to harvest or you can read the back of the seed packet for more detail.

Planting and care of celery


Celery, Celery how art thou Celery. I once saw someone sprinkled salt on a stick of celery and guess what they began to eat it man talk about strange and guess what again the celery was not even cooked it was RAW.

Anyway back to the celery plant, these fine veggie complements the many dishes and salads that we prepare and can also add to our nutrient intake so let’s get down and dirty and start our garden.

In order to get a jump start on planting celery, you can plant them indoors just before spring, the seeds can be purchased from your garden nursery store.

You can start out by planting them in trays, make sure and use good garden soil. It’s good to use sand when planting the seeds, mix some of the seeds in the sand make such that the sand is good salt-free sand.

Sprinkle the sand over the surface of the soil the sand will ensure that the seeds do not wash away. Apply more soil on top of the sand to get complete coverage.

Water the tray with about half an inch of water. Cover the tray with a clear thin plastic wrap this will keep the soil temperature warm aiding in the germination of the seeds.

Keep checking the soil to make sure that it has adequate moisture. When the plants emerge from the soil and the weather on the outside has warm-up you can transplant them.

Make sure the planting site is in a sunny location and that the soil is a good sandy loam soil,  incorporate chicken or cow manure, or some other organic material to the soil.

Install each plant about two to four feet apart and give it adequate water. Celery can be harvest when stocks are about eight to ten inches tall.

Planting and care of Onions

White-purple onion-vegetable-garden
White and Purple Onions

I love onions, onions are one of my favorites I like to especially eat onions uncooked in salads. Onions give such a great flavor to foods, besides that onion also has some  healing agents

That we will be looking at a bit later in this article, but for now we will be discussing how to plant and care for onions.

Planting and care of onion

When planting onions choose a sunny location, a location that gets about 6 hours of sunlight each day. You can either plant onion from seed or from bulbs.

I remember on a few occasions and to my amazement onions that I had in the refrigerator began to actually sprout no joke. When planting onions

make sure that the soil you are using is good garden soil, If not then you can add compost or manure, what compost does is that it will condition your soil

So that your soil would be able to retain water and fertilizer much better along with proper air circulation. What you can do also is to get a soil ph test and add soil amendments

If needed. Another thing that you can consider is if you don’t have the garden space to create an onion garden, you can always build a raised bed.

Plant onion seeds about 2 inches in the soil, 3-4 seeds per hole. Make sure that each planting hole is spaced about a foot apart to keep the soil moist don’t let the soil dry out.

Fertilize with triple 20 0r 16-16-8 or if you prefer to go organic use chicken or cow manure. In fact, manure can be mixed with the soil before planting seeds.

Onions are ready to harvest when the top part of the onion turns yellow, wither, and falls back to the ground.

Planting and care of beets


As a child growing up one veggie that was sure to be on my plate especially Sunday dinner would often be beets, I remembered how my parents would always tell me about how I needed to eat beets because it was healthy for me. I will never forget those words, now let’s go plant some beets.

Let’s get started

There are many different varieties of beets you can choose from, you have golden beets, Detroit’s dark red beets, Chioggia beets, early wonder top tall beets, and burpee golden beets.

Choose a location that gets plenty of sunlight, make sure to add compost to the planting area, and remove rocks out of the plant, rocks should be removed first before adding the compost. Rocks will hinder the roots from establishing, plant seeds 1/2 inch in soil, and about 1-2 inches apart.

Make sure the soil remains moist at all times, the outer shell of beets is somewhat hard, so keeping the soil moist will aid in softening the outer shell or soak seeds in warm water overnight that is to be planted so that the seeds can germinate more quickly. You can plant seeds in March-April and again from June-September.

Watch out for pests such as aphids, flea beetles, and leaf miners.

Harvest time

Beets reach maturity anywhere from 50-70 days, or when you see the top part or leaf grows to about six inches this is another indication that beets are ready to harvest.

Fresh beets can be stored in your fridge for 5-7 days, the tops of beets can be eaten also so if you plan on eating the top or leafy greens of beets cut them off and store them separately.

Planting and care of corn

Ears of Corn

One of the most popular snacks that moviegoers love is popcorn, even as a child when going to the movies just the thought of popcorn added to the excitement. I also remembered the gardens that I planted as a child and one of the seeds that were often included in my garden was corn seeds.

So we will be looking at how corn makes its journey from the ground to our tables to being used in many ways including the movie houses.

Let’s get started

Choose a sunny location, add compost and organic matter to the planting area for the best results. When planting corn seeds plant in rows of about 8-10 inches apart, place 4-6 seeds in each planting hole. Each row should be spaced about 23-33 inches.

Make sure that the soil stays moist do not overwater, Cultivate around the young seedlings for the first 3-4 weeks to keep weeds down, or what you can do also if you don’t want to damage the roots is add mulch to keep weeds down, watch out for pests such as flea beetles and cutworms.

Harvesting time

Harvest corn three weeks after corn silks appears, gently pull back a part of the husk to check for ripeness. pierce about 2-3 kernels with your fingernail, if a white or milk-like liquid comes out the corn is ready to harvest. Dry silk or a yellow faded green sheath means that the ear has passed its prime.

So keep an eye on those ears of corn so you can get the best harvest.

Planting and care of cabbages

Green-purple- cabbages-vegetable-garden
Green and Purple Cabbages

Cabbages can be used in so many ways, one of the ways that I love to use them is in soups and salads. Like every vegetable, care should be taken when growing cabbages in order to get the best results.


Choose a sunny location that gets about six hours of sunlight, Make sure that the soil in the planting area is enriched with compost and organic matter.  Seeds should be placed about 12-24 inches in rows and 1/2-1 inch in the soil. keep plants well-watered make sure the soil is moist at all times.

Keep an eye out for weeds and watch out for pests such as aphids, flea beetles,  cabbage worms, and cabbage root maggots.

Harvest time

Harvest cabbage when the cabbage head is firm or after 70 days, Don’t let the head overripe because the head of cabbages will split. After harvesting removes roots and stems to avoid disease buildup. Cabbages can be stored in the fridge for about two weeks.

Once they are wash make sure they are dry and wrap them tightly with plastic wrap, with that said lets plant some cabbage.

Planting and care of potatoes

Red potatoes-vegetable-garden
Red Potatoes

Where would potato chip be without potatoes or what about those tasty fries that we get from Wendy’s, Mc Donalds, Burger King, or some other fast food place, In this article, we will be looking at how to plant and care for potatoes to bring them from our garden to our tables.

Let’s get started

For best results choose a sunny location, make sure that the soil in the garden area is enriched with compost and organic matter, work the soil and remove rocks and other debris from the garden area. Break up any hard and clumpy soil.

The rows should be 12 inches apart and the seeds should be planted about 3-4 inches into the soil, make sure to keep the garden area well-watered. Potatoes like moisture so keep the soil moist, another way to plant potato

is to cut a potato in half or pieces make sure that each piece has about 2-3 three eyes or indents on the surface, place these pieces in the sun for about 2 days when you see sprouts coming out of the eyes it’s time to get them in the soil.

Dust the pieces with agricultural sulfur, place the sides that are cut into the soil with the eye or the sprouts pointing upwards, and 3-4 inches below the soil level in mounds. As leaves start to appear, keep putting soil around your mounds to prevent the potato from showing.

Insects to watch out for are white grubs, and wireworms, these insects can be found below ground. The above-ground insect is the colorado potato beetle, potato leafhoppers, and aphids.

Harvest time

You will know when your potatoes are ready to harvest when the top part of the potatoes begins to flower, So let’s put on those gloves that hat and grab a shovel and begin to plant some potatoes.


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About the author

+ posts

Norman loves being in the garden, both at home and for his job....
he is 'Natures Little helper' being outdoors, growing his vegetables and flowers from an early age.
Now having spent over 22 years in the profession he want to give some of his knowledge to others...
his vast array of hints and tips you will find scattered over this site will help you no end growing plants in your garden.

16 thoughts on “Vegetable garden”

  1. Hi there,

    Just arrived here.

    This is a great web place jam packed with useful information about vegetables. From planting to harvest time, you offer key tips for us just starting with our vegetable gardens.

    I will definitely bookmark your website and come back for more info and recommendations.


    • Good day George glad to meet you and thanks for the follow, I am glad that I could help, and please do share this information with family and friends. Again thanks a million and have a good day.

  2. Ah your website makes farming look like so much fun!
    I didn’t think that one would need to follow such simple steps to have a small farm!
    I wish you could number the step of planting each crop so that it’s easier to know what you’re signing yourself up for. Otherwise, I love the pics on the post! 🙂

    • Hello Siloel2 its so good to meet you, thanks for the follow i will look into what you said about numbering the steps. Glad that i could help thanks a million and have a good day.

  3. This is a great beginners guide who want to start their own gardening journey. I also like everything organic. After you get used to eating organic food and veggies you just can’t go back.

    But the important thing is that people should be able to find seeds which are not organically altered. They’re not good to eat and it’s not beneficial for your health. Especially in US people buy products that are genetically altered and they think that they’re eating stuff which are organic and healthy. Do you know where can people find genetcically non-altered seeds??

    And thank you for the great article!!!

    • Hello it is so good to meet you and thanks for those kind words. You could check you garden center or nursery they may be able too help you, I hope this helps, all the best to you and have a good day.

  4. Look at all these bright and beautiful vegetables! I can’t wait for spring so I can get started… this is so helpful! I have a question though… if I want to harvest, say bell peppers, a couple weeks apart, could I plant them a couple weeks apart, or would they not grow well if planted later? Or how do you properly store them so they last longer?

    • Hello Lisa it is so good to meet you, the best time to plant bell pepper is spring time when the temperature reaches about 70 degrees. You can put them in plastic bags and store them in the refrigerator in the vegetable section. Hope this helps.

  5. I enjoyed this article a lot, particularly because I have a cousin who grows his own vegetables. When I bought my first batch of carrots from here, I never bought them from a grocery store again. He’s always telling me how his foods are natural. Good advice on the overcooking. Don’t want to lose those nutrients!

  6. Hey Norman,

    Nice read. You mentioned that cooking our veggies takes a lot of the nutrients out of them and this is true although raw foods aren’t that tasty I also know we are missing out on a lot of nutrients eating them after being cooked with high temperatures. I am planning to move soon and when I do some of the planting methods you mentioned will be key to having a successful small garden in the future. I have bookmarked this page. Thanks.

    • Hello Lisa it is so good to meet you, It is my pleasure to help you, wishing you the best off success with your garden project and please do let me know how it goods. Have a good evening.

  7. Hi,

    I found a lot of good information here, Thanks!

    Do you think I could grow the vegetables in a raised flower bed? It only has about 6-8 inches of dirt. Do they require more depth?

    I am going to try your Spices for stress ideas. There is some good ways to use spices in cooking. I did not know there were so many spices to relieve stress.


    • Hello Curt it is so nice to meet you, the depth off your soil is good to plant herbs like garlic, chives, basil, thyme rosemary and so on. Vegetables would need about 2 feet or more so the depth that you are talking about may cause problems. 2 feet or more is ideal, but the good think is that you still can plant herbs. Hope this helps, all the best too you and have a good day.

  8. I hate over cooked veggies, so that is not something I would do. I remember growing up and my mom always made them mushy. I am going to skip over cucumbers, because I really don’t like them. I love to cook with peppers though. Do peppers grow well in say, a Texas climate? I never thought about growing my own. I can see my self plating onions too, yum. I have a garden spot, I just have not got too enthusiastic, but your website is making me want to.

    • Hello my Dare friend I ama so glad that I could help nd thn aks a million for those kind words, Having a garden of you own can be so much fun as you grown your own vegetables. I am from the bahamas where we get sunny days almost year round, now I know that Texas can get a bit more hotter but give it a try, just follow the dorection from my site and you should be all right.

      Thanks again my dare lady all the best too you.


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